The california department of public health has issued a health advisory in southern california linked to an outbreak of invasive meningococcal disease, primarily among adult gay and bisexual men. After two publicized deaths in one week, the san diego county health and human services agency defined the line between meningitis and meningococcal disease to answer a vital question: should the public be concerned on feb 13, patrick henry high school freshman jewelean pimentel, 14, died from. Meningococcal disease: fact sheet for ems, public safety, and first responders minnesota department of health revised june, 2006 on this page: what is meningococcal disease. Invasive meningococcal disease (imd) is an acute and serious communicable disease caused by the bacterium neisseria meningitidis, resulting in meningitis, septicemia (meningococcemia) or both the national advisory committee on immunization (naci) recommends routine immunization against. Meningococcal disease is an immediately notifiable condition in oklahoma, meaning cases must be reported to the state health department immediately upon suspicion or diagnosis a suspected or confirmed case of meningococcal invasive disease triggers an investigation by personnel at the state and. Meningococcal disease signs and symptoms, which are sometimes mistaken for those of flu, can include: high fever severe headache rash body aches/joint pain nausea/vomiting increased sensitivity to light confusion dizziness anyone with signs or symptoms of meningococcal disease should seek medical care immediately early. Although great strides have been made in decreasing and nearly eliminating the occurrence of invasive disease caused by haemophilus influenzae type b, we have. What is meningococcal disease meningococcal disease can refer to any illness that is caused by the type of bacteria called neisseria meningitidis, also known as meningococcus [muh-ning-goh-kok-us] these illnesses are often severe and include infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord.
The bacteria that cause meningococcal disease require prolonged (lengthy), close contact in order to spread the bacteria are much harder to spread than, for example, the virus that causes the flu. Main objectives include: detect and confirm outbreaks monitor the incidence trends, including the distribution and evolution of meningococcal serogroups estimate the disease burden monitor the antibiotic resistance profile monitor the circulation, distribution and evolution of specific meningococcal strains (clones) as well as. Probable case: clinical diagnosis of meningitis or septicaemia or other invasive disease where the public health physician, in consultation with the physician and microbiologist, consider that meningococcal infection is the most likely diagnosis.
Meningococcal disease gp guidelines introduction the purpose of these guidelines is to provide advice to medical practitioners about the early clinical and public health management of meningococcal disease. Guidance for public health management of meningococcal disease in the uk: updated february 2018 6 1 background neisseria meningitidis is a major cause of septicaemia and meningitis worldwide and is associated with significant mortality as well as serious long-term sequelae among.
Explains which bacteria cause meningococcal disease and how it spreads signs and symptoms lists typical signs and symptoms of meningococcal disease diagnosis, treatment, and complications explains how meningococcal disease is diagnosed and treated prevention lists ways to prevent meningococcal disease meningococcal photos shows pictures of people with meningococcal disease. The ministry of health and medical services has declared an outbreak of meningococcal disease in fiji meningococcal disease is a life-threating disease caused by the bacteria neisseria meningitidis. Guidance for public health management of meningococcal disease in the uk hqsd 322 authorised by chris lucas effective date 09/03/2012 page 1 of 57 this copy is uncontrolled when printed guidance for public health management of meningococcal disease in the uk health protection agency meningococcus and.
The cdc has issued a health advisory in response to reports of eight cases of serogroup b meningococcal disease in students at princeton university in princeton, nj, as well as three additional cases in students at the university of california, santa barbara although both outbreaks are caused by serogroup b neisseria meningitidis, additional.
Meningococcal disease is a notifiable infectious (group a) disease in victoria vaccines are available for some meningococcus serogroups site navigation page content our websites better health channel health and medical information for consumers, quality assured by the victorian government dhhs a gateway to the. A student at linus pauling middle school in corvallis has been hospitalized with meningococcal disease, public health officials announced on wednesday the student was admitted to the hospital on sunday, health officials said, and testing is being done to determine which strain of the potentially. Meningococcal disease is a rare but serious illness caused by bacteria (germs) called neisseria meningitidis the different strains (‘serogroups’) of these bacteria are named by letters of the alphabet such as a, b, c, w and y. Meningococcal disease is a bacterial infection that infects the blood, the brain and spinal cord though relatively rare, it is more common in infants, children and.